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28 Walnut Street
Madison, NJ 07940 (map)
Next Board of Health Meeting
Tuesday, September 16, 7:30pm
Madison Civic Center
Protecting Skin from the Sun:
–SLIP on a shirt: Cover up with protective clothing to guard as much skin as possible when you are out in the sun
–SLOP on sunscreen: Use sunscreen and lip balm with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher.
•Apply a generous amount of sunscreen (about a palm full or 1 oz) Apply approximately 30 mins prior to sun exposure
•Reapply after swimming, toweling dry, or perspiring •***Use sunscreen even on hazy or overcast days***
–SLAP on a hat: Cover your head with a wide-brimmed hat, shading your face, ears, and neck
•If you choose a baseball cap, remember to protect your ears and neck with sunscreen.
–WRAP on sunglasses: Wear sunglasses with 99% to 100% UV absorption to provide optimal protection for the eyes and the surrounding skin.
West Nile Virus update...
With warm weather approaching, local mosquito commissions and health departments are working hard to monitor and control the spread of West Nile Virus in the mosquito population.
When is the Peak Season for WNV?
In the past, peak West Nile Virus activity in New Jersey usually occurred in August/September.
How is WNV transmitted to people?
West Nile Virus is transmitted primarily by the bite of an infective mosquito. Residents are advised to take precautions to reduce the risk of mosquito bites.
What Can Be Done to Prevent WNV?
- When outdoors, use insect repellent containing an EPA-registered active ingredient: The gold standard for mosquito repellent is DEET, which may be used on adults and children greater than two months of age. Other repellents recommended by the CDC include picaridin, IR3535 and some oil of lemon eucalyptus and para-methanediol products. Oil of lemon eucalyptus products should not be used on children under three. Always follow label instructions for repellents
Limit time outdoors at dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are most active, or wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants during those times
Keep mosquito netting over infant seats and strollers
- Eliminate any standing water where mosquitoes can lay eggs. Mosquitoes that breed around the home are primarily responsible for transmitting West Nile Virus to humans! Morris County residents may report mosquito problems and standing water to the Morris County Mosquito Commission at (973) 285-6450.
- Install or repair window and door screens
Support community-based mosquito control programs.
What are the Symptoms of WNV?
West Nile virus infection generally causes no symptoms or mild flu-like symptoms. About one in 150 people infected with WNV, or less than one percent, will develop a more severe form of the disease. Symptoms of the more severe disease can include severe headache, high fever, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, paralysis and death. The elderly are at higher risk of more severe disease.
How Prevalent was WNV in Morris County last year (2013 data)?
- Five human cases of WNV were identified in the following four counties: Bergen (1), Burlington (1), Camden (2) and Morris (1)
- 19 birds tested positive for WNV from 8 counties, none from Morris
- 390 mosquito pools tested positive for WNV from 19 counties, including: Morris with 22
What are other sources of information on WNV?
The NJ State Department of Health and Senior Services website at http://www.state.nj.us/health/cd/westnile/enceph.htm
CDC web site at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/
The Morris County Mosquito Commission website at www.morrismosquito.org The Morris County Mosquito Commission website also provides up-to-date information on where and when mosquito spraying will be occurring.
MERS information- Very low risk for most US residents. Learn more about this disease here.
Measles and Mumps Alert!
The Madison Health Department is advising residents that as of 04/17/2014, 8 cases of mumps have been identified among students attending Stevens Institute of Technology. Cases range in age from 18 to 21 years and all have received two documented doses of mumps-containing vaccine. These cases are in addition to an outbreak of mumps in Fordham University college students in Manhattan since early 2014. Measles and mumps are both highly contagious viral illness that can cause serious medical complications.
The public is urged to be sure that all family members are up to date with measles, mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine. Parents should understand that a measles/mumps vaccine (MMR) is the best way to protect a child from these diseases, and is especially important if there is an outbreak in our area or if you are traveling to an area with high rates of the illnesses.
For more information on measles and mumps outbreaks, transmission, symptoms and rashes, please go to http://www.cdc.gov/.
Suspected cases of measles and mumps should be reported immediately to the Health Department.
The Sting of Shingles
Vaccine, Treatments Reduce Risks
If you’ve ever had chickenpox, you may be at risk for a painful disease called shingles as you grow older. Shingles is a sometimes-agonizing skin rash and nerve disease that’s caused by a virus. Fortunately, you can take steps to prevent shingles or ease its serious effects.
Shingles usually affects adults after age 50, although it can strike at any age. “In the U.S., the incidence of shingles is actually increasing,” says Dr. Jeffrey Cohen, an infectious disease researcher at NIH. “If you live to be 85 years old, you have a 50% chance of getting shingles.”
Shingles is caused by the varicella-zoster virus—the same virus that causes chickenpox. Once you’ve had chickenpox, the virus stays with you for life, hidden and inactive in your nerve cells. Your immune system helps keep chickenpox from returning. But later in life, the virus can re-emerge and cause shingles (also known as herpes zoster).
You can’t “catch” shingles from someone else. But it is possible for a person with a blistery shingles rash to pass on the varicella-zoster virus to someone who’s never had chickenpox or a chickenpox vaccine. If that happens, the other person would get chickenpox, not shingles.
Shingles may cause skin sensitivity ranging from mild itching to severe pain along with burning, tingling, or numbness. A rash with fluid-filled blisters nearly always appears on just one side of the body or face. The rash usually lasts for 7 to 10 days. Other symptoms may include chills, fever, upset stomach, and headache.
Shingles can lead to some serious problems. If it appears on your face, it can affect your hearing and vision. It may cause lasting eye damage or blindness. After the rash fades, the pain may linger for months or years, especially in older people. This lasting pain, called post-herpetic neuralgia, affects nearly 1 out of every 3 older people with shingles. The pain can be so severe that even the gentlest touch or breeze can feel excruciating.
To help prevent these problems, see your doctor at the first sign of shingles. Early treatment can shorten the length of infection and reduce the risk of serious complications.
To treat shingles, your doctor may prescribe antiviral drugs to help fight the varicella-zoster virus. Steroids can lessen pain and shorten the time you’re sick. Other types of medicines can also relieve pain.
Fortunately, a vaccine called Zostavax can help prevent shingles or decrease its severity. It’s been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for people ages 50 and older. “The vaccine can prevent shingles and reduce the risk of post-herpetic neuralgia, which can be very debilitating,” Cohen says.
The shingles vaccine is available by prescription. Unfortunately, the vaccine is expensive, and the costs aren’t always covered by health insurance. If you’re considering the shingles vaccine, be sure to discuss the pros and cons of the vaccine with your doctor, and check with your insurance provider about coverage.
Now that people have been receiving the shingles vaccine for several years, researchers are evaluating whether booster shots might be appropriate. Scientists are also studying post-herpetic neuralgia to find better ways to treat this complication from shingles.
The Madison Health Department has Zostavax vaccine for those with no insurance or with insurance that doesn’t cover the vaccine. Medicare alone still does not cover cost.
Reprinted from NIH, News in Health, April 2014
Rodent Prevention Measures
Rodent activity causes damage to homes and food supplies each year. They can also spread diseases to humans directly, from bites or contaminated food, or indirectly from ticks and fleas. Take precautions and prevent rodent attraction by practicing the following measures:
Identifying Rodent Infestations:
- Notice rodent droppings near food, in drawers, or under the sink
- Find nesting material like shredded paper or plant matter
- Notice gnawing on food packages
- Find holes or entry ways into the home – rat burrows are holes in the soil approximately the size of a baseball
- Make sure all garbage is sealed properly without any spillage or overloading
- Seal openings where entry points for rodents may be located – under porches, for example
- Keep grass short and remove weeds
- Avoid throwing bird food or scraps of crackers, bread, etc. outside
- Keep bird feeders away from the house
- Clean animal feces regularly
- Store food in proper containers with tight lids
- Keep compost bins (for leaves, grass and garden material) away from the house and elevate any woodpiles at least 1 foot above the ground
New Underage Drinking Ordinance in Madison
Get more information on the underage persons private property law regarding alcohol use. Private Propery Ordinance Brochure
Learn what you should do if bear visit your neighborhood or yard!
Click here for important safety tips
Mold Awareness Information and Classes
Mold has always been a concern of residents throughout the years and now, post Sandy and Irene, the need to address the issue and educate the public is greater than ever. The New Jersey Department of Health and UMDNJ School of Public Health have worked together to provide classes throughout the State (click for flyer) for interested residents as well as a downloadable guide (click highlighted section).
Go GREEN for Cleaning your home...
Spring and summer bring nicer weather, flowers, and the feeling of renewed energy...Many times it also brings the desire to clean up and clean out. Click to download a Easy, Green Guide to Spring Cleaning and for some basic household Spring Cleaning Tips....
2014 Animal Census for Licensed Dogs and Cats now!
Please click here to read an important reminder from the Madison Health Department on the Animal Census to be conducted over the summer and potential fines for any unlicensed animals.
Public Health – Great Return on Investment
Supporting investment in evidence-based public health programs will result in healthier communities and reduced cost in treating diseases. Investing just $10 per person each year in community-based public health activities could save more than $16 billion within five years. Many lives are saved thanks to vaccines and investments in public health systems coincide with improvements in health, especially in children’s health.
Good health doesn’t happen by chance. Good health is shaped and nurtured — it’s connected to the environments in which we live, work and play. Public health has a role in all of our lives. It’s tied to the resources available in our communities; and research shows that it’s undoubtedly linked to a person’s access to health care. These are the intersections where you find public health and prevention.
Click here to go to blog on the value of public health to our communities.
Click here to see a video on Public Health's Return on your Investment.
Immunization Clinics for underinsured or uninsured children:
2nd Tuesday of each month by appointment only. Call 973-593-3079x9
Check out MAASA
The Madison Alliance Addressing Substance Abuse, is a community-based coalition dedicated to preventing and reducing the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs. They have a special focus on children and adolescents and it is our goal to promote a drug and alcohol-free environment for them and to encourage responsible use by adults. The always enjoy public input and participation. To learn more about MAASA click on their webpage: http://www.maasa.org/maasa/, follow them on twitter @maasa_online, and/or like them on facebook http://www.facebook.com/#!/MadisonAllianceAddressingSubstanceAbuse?fref=ts
Preparing for Emergencies:
Check out the New Jersey Department of Health and Human Services website for what you can do to prepare your home and family for an emergency situation. Click the link below to learn how to make an emergency plan, get an emergency kit, stay safe from infectious diseases, prepare for severe weather events like hurricanes and extreme heat and much more.
Public Health Alerts
For more current public health updates and information see our "Links Tab" located at the bottom right corner.