Winter Weather Safety Tips

With winter weather in full swing exposure to slips and falls significantly increase due to the hazardous weather conditions that occur from freezing rain, snow and ice. Preventing these incidents are key during the coldest months by removing and monitoring ice and snow from walking and driving surfaces. Along with the risk of slip and falls is the risk of frostbite, frostnip, heart attack, hypothermia and many more health effects due to extended exposure time in severe weather conditions.

Below are prevention tips from OSHA, local agencies , and the Madison Health Department to help keep you safe this winter. 

Slip Prevention Tips


Modify your step: when transitioning from outside to inside and on steps, adjust the way you walk. Walk with short, deliberate steps where the midfoot strikes the ground first (not the heel) 
Be careful of glaring lights: give your eyes time to adjust with varying lights and conditions to limit risk of falling.
Slips by falling backward are the most common slip occurrence. When walking in slippery conditions, the body should be centered over the feet. Pay attention; do not become distracted with your phone, reaching for objects, etc. 
Use railings whenever possible
Look before getting out of vehicles. If area is coated with ice, test surfaces by tapping with your foot, move carefully when walking on different surface types 

Cold Injury Prevention


Layer up
Wear silk or synthetic (polypropylene) to keep moisture away from the body. Thermal wear, silk or additional layers as need, as inner layers of clothing) that will hold more body heat than cotton. 
Do not use tight clothing as it reduces blood circulation. Warm blood needs to be circulated to the extremities 
Cover face, ears and head with hats, scarves, ear muffs 
Hats will help keep your whole body warmer. Hats reduce the amount of body heat that escapes from your head.
Insulated gloves (water resistant can be helpful ), to protect the hands
Insulated and waterproof boots to protect the feet

During severe conditions check with your office of emergency management regarding warming centers. 

For more information about prevention tips and health effects from severe cold weather affecting your health, please call 973-593-3079 between 8:00 A.M. – 4:30 P.m. or in case of an emergency call 911 or your local police department.